Posted on Fri, Aug. 19, 2005
Addiction studies tout group homes
They found relapse rates after detox lower at the self-supporting
homes than at halfway houses.
By Randolph E. Schmid
WASHINGTON - Self-supporting group homes have high success rates in
helping individuals recover from alcoholism and drug addiction,
researchers from DePaul University reported yesterday. A pair of studies
presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological
Association found success rates of 65 percent to 87 percent for the
Communal living produces a lower relapse rate and helps keep individuals
as productive members of society, reported lead author Leonard A. Jason.
In addition, he noted, the houses operate at little or no cost to the
Jason and coauthors studied residents of Oxford House, a network of
group homes across the country serving recovering addicts. Each resident
pays a share of the costs and can be evicted if detected using drugs or
One study compared 75 people who went into an Oxford House after
detoxification with 75 who went to halfway houses or returned to the
community. After two years, 65 percent of the Oxford House residents
were still clean and sober compared to 31 percent of the others, Jason
The second study began with a national sample of 897 Oxford House
residents. After a year, 607 remained in the study and, of those, 87
percent reported they were still off alcohol and drugs.
Those who dropped out of the study had previously reported higher rates
of drug and alcohol use than those who stayed in, the report noted. It
said those who dropped out were younger and had spent less time in the
home than those who remained.
The program seemed to work equally well for men and women, the
researchers said, and there were no significant differences among racial
groups in the program.
The Oxford House program was founded 30 years ago in Montgomery County,
Md., and currently has 1,123 houses across the country and in Canada and
Australia. While some states have loan programs to help get houses
started, each house is otherwise self-supporting and is governed by its